The first gas liquefaction, ie the transformation of the gas state into a liquid state, was carried out by the British physicist and chemist Michael Faraday (1791-1867). In 1883, two professors of the Jagiellonian University - Zygmunt Wróblewski and Karol Olszewski - were able to liquefy oxygen and nitrogen from atmospheric air. Cooling and liquefaction technologies that can be implemented in refrigeration equipment were patented in 1896 by German engineer and entrepreneur Karl Paul Gottfried von Linde, who in 1873 built the first refrigeration plant in Europe.

The world's first liquefier, however, appeared in Australia and was designed and built by a Scottish professor - James Harrisson. The original technology concept served to cool the air and was first put into use in the food sector.

Natural gas cooling and liquefaction technology was first introduced in the United States. The first LNG liquefaction plant was opened in West Virginia in 1917 and the first commercial liquefaction plant was built in Cleveland, Ohio (USA) in 1941.

The first liquefied natural gas transportation took place after World War II. In January 1959, "MetánPioneer", a customized shipping ship that was used in World War II, sailed from Charles Lake in Louisiana (US) with cargo including LNG to reach the target - Canvey Island in the UK.

With LNG ships, the British Gas Council has decided to import LNG from Venezuela. However, in connection with the emergence of deposits in Libya and Algeria, which were much closer to the UK than Venezuela, it was ultimately decided to import LNG from Algeria. Algeria has thus become the world's first LNG exporter.

The first commercial shipment of LNG from Algeria to the UK market took place in 1964. However, LNG shipments to the UK did not compete with bearings discovered in the North Sea. The Seventies and Eighties brought increased interest in LNG. In Asian countries, especially Japan and Korea, the construction of power plants to be powered by natural gas has begun. This has contributed significantly to better LNG usage conditions.

Michael Faraday

Karol Olszewski

Zygmunt Wróblewski
Zygmunt Wróblewski